Citizenship Political Theory UGC NET
The concept of citizenship consists of three main elements or dimensions (Cohen 1999; Kymlicka and Norman 2000; Carens 2000). the primary is citizenship as status , defined by civil, political and social rights. Here, the citizen is that the legal person liberal to act consistent with the law and having the proper to say the law’s protection. It needn’t mean that the citizen takes part within the law’s formulation, nor does it require that rights be uniform between citizens. The second considers citizens specifically as political agents, actively participating during a society’s political institutions. The third refers to citizenship as membership during a political community that furnishes a definite source of identity.
Conservatism and its modernising, anti-traditionalist rivals, liberalism and socialism, are the foremost influential political philosophies and ideologies of the post-Enlightenment era. Conservatives criticise their rivals for creating a utopian exaggeration of the facility of theoretical reason, and of human perfectibility.
Normative democratic theory deals with the moral foundations of democracy and democratic institutions. it’s distinct from descriptive and explanatory democratic theory.
This brief outline of normative democratic theory focuses attention on four distinct issues in recent work. First, it outlines some different approaches to the question of why democracy is morally desirable in the least . Second, it explores the question of what it’s reasonable to expect from citizens in large democratic societies. This issue is central to the evaluation of normative democratic theories as we’ll see.
‘Equality’ may be a contested concept: “People who praise it or disparage it disagree about what they’re praising or disparaging”. Our first task is therefore to supply a transparent definition of equality within the face of widespread misconceptions about its meaning as a political idea.
Feminist political philosophy is a neighborhood of philosophy that’s partially focused on understanding and critiquing the way political philosophy is typically construed—often with none attention to feminist concerns—and on articulating how political orientation could be reconstructed during a way that advances feminist concerns. Feminist political philosophy may be a branch of both feminist philosophy and political philosophy.